Using writing a good literature review introduction databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members.
Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.
Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Try to narrow it to a writing a good literature review introduction area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review.
A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework.
Keep your review focused on your topic: Developing a coherent essay Galvan, Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
Writing the body In the body, you should: It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.
Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. Group research studies and other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.
Writing the review Galvan, Group the articles into categories e. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it.
Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.
In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.
This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.
Identify relationships among studies: If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: Check the flow of your argument for coherence.The Introduction Toggle Dropdown. Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may Writing Your Literature Review. Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.
When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.
dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work.
The purpose is to offer an overview of. Writing a Literature Review As an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic.
If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional. Writing Centre. Literature Review Template. Definition: A literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research.
Its purpose is to create familiarity with current thinking and research on Introduction: • A concise definition of a topic under consideration. A literature review follows an essay format (Introduction, Body, Conclusion), but if the literature itself is the topic of the essay, your essay will need to consider the literature in terms of the key.
What is a review of literature? Writing the introduction; Writing the body; Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.