In tennis it is therefore essential that only a short pause occurs between the backswing and forwardswing phases of stroke production or at maximum knee flexion during the serve. The examples given in the following sections are intended to reflect general directions rather than provide a comprehensive review of the literature.
More detailed reviews can be found in the ITF publication Biomechanics Table tennis research paper advanced tennis, 2 and the books From breakpoint to advantage, 3 The physics and technology of tennis 4 and Biomechanical principles of tennis technique: Sports medicine, as it plays a role in the development of stroke production, is then discussed from a biomechanical perspective.
The split step, an integral part of preparation for a volley, service return, or groundstroke, places the quadriceps muscle extensor at the knee joint on stretch, permitting storage and subsequent release of energy to enhance quick movement in preparation for the subsequent stroke.
This is also supported by the fact that the concentric action begins with the appropriate muscles under higher tension than would be created if they were to contract purely concentrically from a resting state.
General theory of biomechanics Biomechanics theory provides coaches, players, and sport science support staff with a general framework for the development of stroke production.
Firstly, biomechanics from a general perspective will be followed by the role it plays in stroke production. An understanding of biomechanics from a sports medicine perspective is also important if player development is to occur with minimal risk of injury.
The benefit of this stored energy is reduced if a delay occurs between these phases of the movement. Biomechanics is a key area in player development because all strokes have a fundamental mechanical structure and sports injuries primarily have a mechanical cause.
All strokes have a fundamental mechanical structure, and sports injuries primarily have a mechanical cause. Abstract Success in tennis requires a mix of player talent, good coaching, appropriate equipment, and an understanding of those aspects of sport science pertinent to the game.
The key to the recovery of the elastic energy is the timing between the stretch and shorten phases of the motion. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
In strokes where power is required such as the service and groundstrokesa number of body segments must be coordinated in such a way that a high racquet speed is generated at impact.
Rotation of the shoulders greater than the hips creating a separation angle and the positioning of the upper limb relative to the trunk during the backswing phase of these strokes, place appropriate muscles on stretch.
Where precision is needed, the number of segments is reduced and segments operate more as a unit such as the volley at the netalthough the drive volley now challenges this general principle.
I will discuss a number of the general principles that guide this development. This paper outlines the role that biomechanics plays in player development from sport science and sport medicine perspectives.Table Tennis essaysTable tennis is a very fun and enjoyable game.
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