The parties, very often, help the pressure groups involved in direct action with a view to win their support for them.
A political party is generally a very large organisation of people-sometimes of several million voters and other citizens. The Pressure Groups perform these functions certainly on a limited scale and in a restricted circle.
Political Parties also articulate interests and Pressure Groups also participate in interest aggregation. However, the political parties too, now-a-days, particularly in developing political systems, are increasingly using the direct action means for securing their objectives-chiefly for catching the attention and winning the sympathy of the voters.
Pointing out the difference between political parties and pressure groups, Neuman has rightly observed: As against it, a pressure group is relatively a small group of people with some specific common interest or interests.
Activation, mobilisation, recruitment, socialisation and communication functions are performed by political parties in very large areas and on a very large scale.
The pressure groups on the other hand do not try to get power, on the other hand, they try that power holders should help them in securing their interests.
Yet on an average we can analyse the points of difference between them under the following heads: The final aim of a political party is to capture political power in the state by capturing majority of seats in the elections.
However, both have a political complexion while a political party plays politics by virtue of its profession; a pressure group does likewise for the sake of expediency. The interest group is strong and effective when it has a directed specific purpose. In fact, it is one of their major themes to reconcile the diverse forces within political society.
Ideological unity is a source of unity and cohesion in a political party. Interest Groups, on the other hand, are primarily concerned with achieving the programmes they desire by having them adopted as policies of government, and secondarily with the selection of public officials. It is organised by the people for the promotion of common interests, which can be promoted, it is believed, by the members through mutual cooperation and joint efforts.
Theirs is an integrative function which is not the domain of the interest groups. However, this does not mean that such a role differentiation is absolutely rigid. They use elections as opportunities for securing the several advantages from the party in power and the parties seeking to replace the ruling party.
They fight the battle of ballot and not of bullets and violence.Interest Groups and Political Parties The “advocacy explosion” in the United States in the 20th century has been caused by the extreme increase in the number of interest groups in the United States.
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Compare/Contrast of Political Parties Essay. A. Pages:4 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay. We will write a custom essay sample on Compare/Contrast of Political Parties specifically for you for only $ $/page.
Interest groups and political parties .Download